Condylar hyperplasia – Definition, etiology
Condylar hyperplasia is a developmental abnormality that results in enlargement and occasionally deformity of the condylar head; this may have a secondary effect on the mandibular fossa as it remodels to accommodate the abnormal condyle.
The etiology may be overactive cartilage or persistent cartilaginous rests, increasing the thickness of the entire cartilaginous and precartilaginous layers. This condition uslJally is unilateral and may be accompanied by varying degre~s of hyperplasia of the ipsilateral mandible.
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